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The Fantasy Baseball Hall of Fame (in conjunction with Razzball.com) is a new website dedicated to recognizing the accomplishments of Major League ballplayers during the “fantasy era” (1980-present). The greatest of these players will be elected to the Fantasy Baseball Hall of Fame.

This week, the best shortstops are identified and elected.

The third installment for the inaugural list of inductees into the Fantasy Baseball Hall of Fame looks at shortstops, a position which has undergone much churn since 1980.  Previously a non-hitting position, shortstops are now arguably the strongest in fantasy baseball and this is reflected in the inductee selections.  Aside from Catchers, the shortstops have historically been one of the two weakest positions and their representation in the Fantasy Baseball Hall of Fame is minimal – only two made the cut.

Below is a chart the bears some explanation.  To figure out which positions have historically outperformed the others, I combed through the scores of each fantasy worthy player, determined the player’s position, and then derived the average score for each position, each year.

To make sure we are all on the same page, I:
– Took all “fantasy worthy” shortstops in 1980 and figured their group average score.
– Repeated the process for the 1980 crew of 1B, 2B, 3B, and OF.
– Then derived a similar set of scores for every other season.
– Almost done.  Next I determined the ranking of each position for each year when compared to other positions.  For example, in 1980 going across the diamond (1B, 2B, 3B, SS, OF) the average scores were 5.6, 3.7, 4.9, 4.2, 5.0.  This gives a ranking (across the diamond again) of 1st, 5th, 3rd, 4th, 2nd.
– Finally, I summed the number of instances for each ranking for each position.  The result:

Please note that I excluded Catchers since they are easily the worst position and there is no need to spend any time confirming this.  I also only looked at the period of 1980 through 2002 since we don’t need to look at the most recent 5 years because any player who came to the majors just 5 years ago will not be in the hall of fame.  (Please note however that in the last 5 years the shortstops have had the best ranking three times).

What I found is not surprising.  First basemen followed by outfielders are the strongest positions historically.  Middle infielders take up the rear while the third basemen lie somewhere in between.  The point?  Shortstops rarely help your fantasy team to a great extent.  If they rarely help it stands to reason that there won’t be many elite players, especially when only looking at players who are great for at least five year stretches.   Many shortstops have had very good seasons, but not so many have done it at least five times.

Need further evidence?  After looking at this data for quite some time it has become apparent that a HOF worthy seasonal score is about 10 FBHOF points.  This is the minimum.  Here is list of the number of 10 point seasons for each position from 1980-2002:

214:  OF
81:  1B
50:  3B
37:  2B
30:  SS
19:  C
5:  DH

Shortstops just don’t help you win as much as other positions and as a result, only two make it in today.

Starting things off is arguably the best fantasy player of all time, Alex Rodriguez.  It seems it has been a lifetime since Rodriguez has had shortstop eligibility, but in his career just 31% of his seasons have been at third base.  The rules therefore require that he goes in as a shortstop and so he will.

Rodriguez’s FBHOF score is a whopping 86.9, second only to Barry Bonds for offensive positions and fourth overall.  His Peak Score of 81.2 is the best ever for a batter and his career total is third.  All told, Rodriguez has been the most dominant fantasy player of the era.  It’s worth looking at his stats season by season, here are his 5 best:

He has been so good that his 2002 season where he smacked 57 home runs doesn’t make the cut into his peak score, the core metric used for induction.  Additionally, every season in which he was a full time player Rodriguez has recorded a FBHOF score of at least 10, something no other player has even come close to duplicating.

As one of handful of players to accumulate 85 or more points, the Fantasy Baseball Hall of Fame will have more on A-Rod’s prowess in a special write-up in the coming weeks.

The second Hall of Fame shortstop is no stranger to greatness either.  Cal Ripken is said to have revolutionized the position and while I am not so sure about that (see Banks, Ernie) I do agree he was really, really good for a long time.

Ripken had two great seasons, 8 years apart no less.  In 1983 he batted .318 with 121 R, 27 HR, and 102 RBI.  In 1991 he was even better attaining a .323 average, with 99 R, 34 HR, 114 RBI, and 6 SB. Both of these seasons scored in high 13’s for FBHOF points and both were of Top-5 overall quality.  In between these years he churned out three other very good to great seasons which makes his peak score 61.0, second to only Rodriguez.  Ripken also joins Howard Johnson and Robin Yount as the only shortstops prior to Rodriguez to finish more than one season rated in the Top 5 overall.

His peak 5-year average batting line is .302 AVG, 107 R, 28 HR, 99 RBI, 3 SB and for those that look at this and see Miguel Tejada keep in mind the context of Ripken’s achievements.  The average league minimum during Ripken’s peak was just .247 AVG, 47 R, 7 HR, 42 RBI, and 6 SB.  This shows how suppressed offenses were while Ripken was one of the greats.

There are several shortstops who could have arguably been elected, but in the end their core FBHOF wasn’t close enough to the magical 65 points to bend the rules.  The Fantasy Baseball Hall of Fame is for great contributors, not just the very good.

Derek Jeter – Cap’n Jete’s was the closest to election with a solid 60.2 FBHOF score.  In the end however, he’s about a half a season away from enshrinement, and is certainly hurt by the high offensive era he has played through.  Jeter has 3 great seasons (FBHOF scores of 12.6, 12.3), one very good (10.3), and another just below the cut (9.7).  Comparing Jeter to Ripken, we find Ripken’s best was indeed superior to Jeter’s – the Oriole has two seasonal scores above 13.5 which is the difference maker between the two.

Can Jeter make it in?  With a great season, yes, of course.  He also has a chance based upon the longevity bonus that can be awarded (1% for every Fantasy Worthy Season).  Assuming he doesn’t increase his peak score, he’ll need a total of 12 non-peak fantasy worthy seasons to be inducted.  He currently stands at 7.  He’s 34 years old this year, so if he plays at league minimum standards until he’s 38, he’ll make it.  Seems likely to me.

Howard Johnson – Players like Johnson likely deserve their own section at FBHOF.  Johnson was elite for two years, finishing as the #1 and #2 ranked batter in 1989 and 1991.  During these two seasons he averaged 106 R, 37 HR, 109 RBI, 35 SB, and a .273 AVG.  He also finished first or second at his position 4 times.  However, that key 5th season isn’t close to greatness as he finished 43rd overall and this wipes out any chance he had for election.

Nomar Garciaparra – Garciaparra is in almost the same boat as Jeter, he had many very good seasons and not enough great ones.  During his peak he averaged a final ranking of 13th among batters; Ripken averaged 9th and Jeter 12th.

Alan Trammell – The Detroit Tiger isn’t all that close to election and his real baseball skills are much superior to his Fantasy Baseball skills.  He’s also hurt because he perennially seemed to miss 20 or more games so his counting stats don’t quite measure up.  In his 3rd and 4th best years he averaged 67 RBI which simply isn’t Hall of Fame material.

Barry Larkin – The National League version of Trammell:

Miguel Tejada – It surprised me how far away Tejada is from legitimate consideration.  His 2002 and 2004 seasons were great, finishing among the Top 10 batters and either 1st or 2nd at his position.  But his 2005 and 2006 campaigns fall just short as both result in less than 10 FBHOF points, and his 5th best is well off the mark.  He finished 41st among batters in 2003.  He’s off to a great start in 2008 though, so we can’t quite count him out forever.

From Around The Web

  1. Grey

    Grey says:
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    Another great post, Lou. One question, how did Hanley make the list and Reyes didn’t?

  2. Lou says:
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    Because hanley is on my fantasy team?

    Just because my cut-off was arbitrary at the top-25. There scores are virtually identical: Reyes @ 22.9 and Hanley at 23.0.

    You did stumble upon a slight problem with players that have less than 5 years service time. Hanley only has two seasons, his scoring is 8.7 in 2006 and 14.3 in 2007. This totals to get the 23 points.

    Reyes has season scores of:

    7.2 – 2005
    11.8 – 2006
    9.2 – 2001

    This totals up to 28.3 which really makes him the better player in terms of FBHOF scoring. However, he has two negative years under his belt too: -0.6 in 2003 and -4.8 in 2004. This hurt his Peak score because the formula looks at best 5 seasons which include the negatives.

    Long and short – there does appear to be quirks for players with little service time.

  3. This explains the absence of Yuniesky Betencourt as well.

  4. Grey

    Grey says:
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    @Lou: Seems to me like someone who has value for more years should get points over someone who has value for a short period. To say Hanley’s better than Reyes because he hasn’t done it for long seems counterintuitive to the FBHOF.

  5. Lou says:
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    I actually agree Grey. This was an oversight on my part because I had been focussed on people who would actually get elected. The only criteria is having 5 years of service time, but in my Top 25 report I included people with less service time.

  6. Pingback: River Ave. Blues | Be it April or October, the Yanks are flawed

  7. Ken says:
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    M.T had 10 full seasons+26 games as a call up in 97.
    going into this season

    LT AVG .287
    4x .300+
    1x in OAKLAND
    3x in BALT
    If not hit by a pitch and missed a month played hurt and ended .296
    More 300 avg yrs in BALT

    He just got his 350th dooubles
    8 yrs of 30+ Doubles
    Or after next double 10×20 doubles
    Highs of 37 40 42 50
    again all highs but 1 in Balt

    Also just got 1800th hit this season
    1x in OAKLAND
    2x Balt
    1×199,177 other highes

    Again more 200 hit in Balt
    Will have 1000 runs score also this year needs 5 more
    He will also have 1100 RBIs at some time this season needs 24.
    6x100RBIs 3x other highes of 81-84-98.
    highs 131 150 the 150 highest by a SS in 55 seasons.
    Most RBIs in a season was in BALT 150

    Also 100 ks in a season only 1 time
    1000 Double plays turned took few less years for Miggy to get 1000 most SS

    Since he won the MVP in 2002 he has grown up and learned to use the the batt to improve in all areas not just a young Oakland swinging for fence alot more . Never was a power hiter only 4 times over 30 mostly 8×20

    The trade off instead of 27+115 hes 24/85 hr/RBI while all at the same time Doubles,Avg,Hits,are all better and still the good 8walks to 80 k is about the same for whole playing time
    Dont for get MVP 2002
    4time allstar The one he started he hit hr to win All star MVP 2004

    When the A’s 20-0 they became first team in AL’s history to win 20- in a row miggy help with 2-3 walk off hrs

  8. Ken says:
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    I leftout thats 1x in Oak and 2x in Balt was for 200 hits

    Also just got 1800th hit this season
    1x in OAKLAND
    2x Balt
    1×199,177 other highes

  9. Lou says:
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    Hey Ken

    It’s the Fantasy baseball hall of fame so i had to separate out true value from fantasy value. Little things like the small injury you mentioned hurts is case, because it hurt fantasy owners. I can’t cut him a break because of this. Also, unfortunately the 20-0 run is meaningless in fantasy, so are his MVP’s, and the fact he’ll get 2000 hits. Fantasy baseball is a “what have you done for me lately” type deal, and the reason the core metric used for induction is a players 5-year peak score.

    Top reasons why he isn’t enshrined
    1 – He was a top 20 batter just twice
    2 – only 1 finish as the best shortstop in the game
    3 – As of 2007, his 5th best season is not historic (low average, low SB)
    4 – I recently embarked upon the journey of recreating All-Star teams for each season. Tejada makes the team just twice, in 2002 and 2004.

    Finally, just as an example, his 2006 numbers look real good right? This was his 4th best season – .330 AVG, 99 R, 24 HR, 100 RBI, 6 SB. But two shortstops were better – Jeter (.343 AVG, 118 R, 14 HR, 97 RBI, 34 SB) and Reyes (.300 AVG, 19 HR, 81 RBI, 64 SB). Further, 21 batters were better too, those stats just aren’t what they used to be. I have Pujols, Ortiz, Howard, Holliday, Utley, Soriano, Jeter, Dye, Reyes, Vlad, Atkins, Cabrera, Beltran, Lee, Berkman, A-Rod, Morneau, Sizemore, Hafner, Crawford, and Wright all ranked higher.

    He was really, really good, but my cut-off only takes the greats.

  10. Ken says:
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    Well MT reached some nice goals 1800 hits, 1900 hits, 1000 runs scored, 4 from 1100 RBIs

    Play like this years stats for 4 more since hes 34
    150-170 hits 13-15hrs 60-70 RBIs 25-30 doubles .Then going into 16th season

    2400 hits
    1300+ Runs
    450 doubles
    330 hrs
    1400+RBIs 1100 RBI now

    1400-1600 DP turned alot in a fast amount of time.

    Now in real world you think hes a hof? Yet

  11. Ken says:
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    12FULL +26 GAMES at short
    289AVG
    1,116 RUNS 9×89+
    2114 HITS 7×177
    421 DOUBLES 10×30+ hi 40-42-46-50
    285 HRs 3RD ALLTIME PASSING BANKS at 277
    1185 RBIs 15 short of 1200 RBIs in 12 yrs 6×100+ as shortstop
    1200 double plays 5500AST 971fp

    one heck of a player

  12. Ken says:
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    Miggy is done at short and looks done at 3rd :( the above post are final stats at short for 12FULL +26 GAMES at short

  13. Ken says:
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    Howard Johnson lol

  14. Larry says:
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    went back to ss in SD and now in SF a full season should have him over

    2400+hits 115 from 2400

    Already at 300hrs( 3rd alltime as a ss)

    1300+RBIs standing at 1256

    440+doubles should be good for 25-30

    280avg 12hr 50+rbis I say rbis low when batting 6,8 1

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